Caoutchouc Plantage Maatschappij TapanoeliePrice €60.00
Compagnie d'Exploitation de l'Ile de la Tortue Dépendance de la République d'Haïti
Shares of 2,000 Gourdes - Port-au-Prince 1863
Signed by Edmond Devèze
(Company of Exploitation of the Island of the Turtle Dependence of the Republic of Haiti)
In the middle of the 17th century, the Turtle Island was a pirates nest.
After the western part of Hispaniola was recognised as French land, by the Riswick Treaty in 1697, some French settlers grew coffee and sugar cane on the Turtle Island, thanks to the numerous slaves and St Domingo became the richest of the french colonies.
The French revolution changed this situation and encouraged the slaves rebellion. After the defeat of Napoleon troups and the negociated recognition of the independance by the various dictators who ruled the colony, the island was ruined after the settlers were expelled or killed.
After 1860, Haïti opened up again to the Europeans. The Dubois laws allowed foreign people who were married to Haïtiens to develop activities on the island.
In 1862, Edmond Devèze (who signed this bond) gets the concession for 10 years of the Ile de la Tortue (Turtle Island)
The island was deserted at the end of the 19th century and became the island of despair, nest of bandits and sickness, without road and without running water or electricity.
- Rare bonds
- Issued before 1900
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