La Soie de Compiègne (Compiègne's silk)


Share of 100F - Paris 1928

Factories in Clairoix (Oise) and Aubenton (Aisne)

No tax

Share of 100 francs to bearer issued in Paris in 1928.

The Compiègne silk was a silk spinning company located in Clairoix, not far from Compiègne in the Oise. It was founded in 1923 by Henri Sinclair, former chemical engineer of the Société Générale de Soie Artificielle by the Viscose process. He brought the exclusive property of a French patent on "new processes and apparatus for the manufacture of artificial silk by the Viscose process".

The installation of the factory in Clairoix aroused at the time strong reactions of the inhabitants fearing for their health and their safety because many chemical products were used, highlighting the risk of explosion.

The activity ceased in 1930. A new company, the Alliance Artificial Silk Limited was then incorporated and started its activity in Clairoix in 1929. It used a technique for manufacturing silk by a new cellulose acetate process.

The company also had a spinning mill in Aubenton in the Aisne county.

The head office, first located in Compiègne, was transferred to Paris in 1925.

The premises then housed the Belgian tire company Englebert, then Uniroyal and finally the Continental tyres factory, whose closure of the site which employed more than 1,000 people caused a stir in the media in 2009.

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